this is one of the strongest reasons that men have to abandon the State of Nature by contracting together to form civil government. Furthermore, under utilitarianism, unlike the individual prudence case, there is no requirement for people to consent to the suffering or sacrifice, nor is there necessarily a unified belief in the society that the outcome is worth the cost. Although Nozick does not specify this principle he does describe its purpose: This principle uses historical information about previous situations and injustices done in them. "Thinkers at War John Rawls". Hence Rawls describes his theory as justice as fairness. One argument in favor of this view might be that people should not end up unequally well off as a result of morally arbitrary factors. Patriarchal control of women is found in at least three paradigmatic contemporary contracts: the marriage contract, the prostitution contract, and the contract for surrogate motherhood. Another set of views, in opposition to Rawls Difference Principle, emphasizes the importance of relative position not as a value in itself but because of its effect on other relations. His brother Bobby, younger by 20 months, visited him in his room and was fatally infected.
Rawls, John, internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Configurations of Masculinity: A Feminist Perspective on Modern Political Theory. 234 all having equal weight, even when they diminish the rights and intentions of others. Each reasons: "If she confesses, then I should confess, thereby being sentenced to five years instead of ten. Some authors criticize its in their view unjustified or excessively radical rejection of merit: The egalitarian thesis of desert only being justifiably acknowledged if it involves desert all the way down (Nozick 1974,. Peoples marginal utility is diminishing at rate 2R) and is maximized by Policy 2; Utilitarian 3 asserts Utilitarian 2 is correct about the utility functions of the population but claims that Policy 3 is the one that will maximize utility. Another issue concerns the relations among generations.